Category Archives: Chord Voicings

Jazz Chord Voicing: Minor 9ths

Piano-Chord-VoicingLet’s take a look at what can be referred to as a stock jazz chord voicing. We use the term “stock” since this is a voicing that virtually all jazz piano players will use. In other words, it’s “on the shelf” ready for use and it gets used often. This particular chord structure can be used for minor 7th chords.

First we will acknowledge a minor 7th chord in its basic root position. We’ll use Dmin7 for our example. Here it is:

D  F  A  C

Now if we associate this chord to a minor scale beginning on D that includes these chord tones, we have:

D  E  F  G  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  A  B  C  D
1   2  3  4   5  6   7  8

(8 is the same as 1)

For our purpose, we have the scale illustrated in two octaves above.

Let’s look at it again as we highlight the chord tones in the Dmin7 chord:

D  E  F  G  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  A  B  C  D
1   2  3  4   5  6   7  8

Specifically, the chord is constructed using the 1, 3, 5, and 7 of the scale.

Now, if we extend the numbers a bit, we notice that the second E can be called a 9:

D  E  F  G  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  A  B  C  D
1   2  3  4   5  6   7  8  9

So, in other words, the 2 and the 9 are really the same letter name.

Okay, now imagine a bass player playing that root of the chord (the D). This means that the pianist does not have to. Therefore, he or she has the freedom to use those fingers to play some more interesting colors. That remaining F  A  C  E can be played with the left hand while the bass player plays the D. Of course, you can play the root with the D an octave lower, taking on the role of the bass player, while playing the F  A  C  E with the right hand (the C is middle C so you know what range we are playing in).

Play this and listen! You are actually playing a jazz chord voicing for Dmin9. Yes, that’s right, more often than not, when your music calls for a Dmin7, you can play a Dmin9 instead, thus achieving more color! This is typical for a jazz pianist to do. Jazz players will add colors like 9ths to 7th chords without needing to be told to do so. That’s one of the great liberties a jazz player enjoys.

Now, go ahead and create more Minor 9th chords on other roots based on what we’ve learned here. As a cocktail piano player, you’ll learn to love these! While you have fun with those 9ths, remember…

Always…

ALWAYS…

PLAY WITH PASSION!

Musically,

Dave
www.PianoAmore.net
www.ProProach.com

A Jazz Chord Voicing You’ve Just Got To Know

Jazz-Chord-VoicingOne jazz chord voicing you’ve just got to know as a cocktail piano player involves taking a simply 7th chord and making one simply modification to it. Specifically, I am referring to the 1-5-7-3 chord voicing.

Here’s how to play it…

Let’s use an Fmaj7 chord to illustrate. This chord in its most basic form is spelled out like this:

F A C E

Again, this is a 7th chord in root position. In addition, as you take a look at the chord tones, they are as close to each other as they can possibly be. In other words, there are no chord tone in between those chord tones that are already there. Therefore, this chord is said to be in closed position.

Okay, let’s take that 3rd of the chord, which is the A. If we don’t play that A where it is within the structure and, instead, play it one octave higher, the order of our chord tones from left to right looks like this:

F C E A

This is a very commonly used jazz chord voicing and one you’ll definitely want to have a handle on. You’ll want to apply this 1-5-7-3 structure to all the 7th chords that you learn eventually. Doing so will really add dimension to your playing!

Now, go ahead and play those two lower chord tones (the F and C) with your left hand and play the two upper chord tones (the E and A) with your right hand. Listen!

It sounds more “open,” would you agree? Actually, we call this an “open voicing” because we have actually opened up the chord by taking one of the inner chord tones and moving up an octave. You see, we really do have a chord tone that is not being played in between two of the other chord tones at this point (in between the F and C, there is that A which is not being played).

If you were playing a song in which the melody note was A and the chord was Fmaj7, this is a very appropriate jazz chord voicing to play since the A is at the top of the structure (furthest to the right). You are highly encouraged to apply this 1-5-7-3 to other 7th chords that you either already know or will learn in the future. It will work for all of them and, by doing so, you’ll really be adding to that “piano playing toolbox” of yours.

This is a jazz chord voicing you’ll want play again and again. Look for opportunities to use it in your favorite songs. Simply look for melody notes that are the 3rd of the 7th chord that you will be playing and use this voicing to turn what would otherwise be and “okay” sound into one that spells professionalism in the ears of your listeners!

Remember,

Always…

ALWAYS…

PLAY WITH PASSION!

Musically,

Dave
www.PianoAmore.net
www.ProProach.com

Jazz Piano Chords

Jazz-Piano-ChordsThe exploration of jazz piano chords is an important part of your journey toward more creative cocktail piano playing. Of course, the benefits go beyond the scope of playing cocktail piano. In short, the more you learn about jazz piano chords, the more interesting your playing becomes from a harmonic standpoint.

It’s one thing to learn how to play cocktail piano in a confident fashion using basic chords like triads and 7th chords (and, as I have emphasized time and time again, much satisfaction can be gained by playing in this fashion). It’s quite another when you begin incorporating some of those tasteful jazz piano chords into those standard tunes of yours.

For the most part, when the topic of jazz piano chords is brought up, the discussion inevitably must lead to the subject of chord voicings. You see, when it comes to playing chords on the piano in their most basic positions, jazz players will often opt out and, instead, pursue more creative ways of getting that harmony across. This is true more often than not. Let’s consider an example:

Let’s say that you are playing Erroll Garner’s Misty in the key of Eb. After the pickup notes, the first melody note in the first measure is a D and the chord is Ebmaj7. That chord in its most basic form looks like this:

Eb G Bb D

Now, this works just fine. However, a creative cocktail pianist or jazz player may opt for something with a little more substance. Also, I would like to mention here that playing a chord that sounds more substantial does not necessarily mean playing more notes. As an example, one tasteful way to approach this chord with this melody note might look like this:

D    (right hand)
G
____

Bb    (left hand)
Eb

Here is an example of a chord voicing that utilized the exact same notes as the basic chord does. However, you’ll notice that they are arranged differently. Go ahead and play that Eb and Bb with the left hand and, above that, play the G and D with the right hand. Here we have what is referred to as an open voicing. You can see that the melody note is actually the top note of this chord voicing. Surely, you can hear a significant difference when playing the basic chord and then playing this voicing for Ebmaj7!

This is just one example of how to enhance your cocktail piano playing by incorporating more spicy ways to play those chords. As you make it part of your routine to learn more and more about jazz piano chords and voicings, you will find that there’s no turning back… you’ll just want to engage yourself deeper and deeper into this art form. Now, that’s a sign of artistry in the making!

Remember,

Always…

ALWAYS…

PLAY WITH PASSION!

Musically,

Dave
www.PianoAmore.net
www.ProProach.com